Map of Carribean

Zackary I. GilmoreZackary I. Gilmore

Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Rollins College

Ph.D., Anthropology, Univ. of Florida, 2014
M.A., Anthropology, SIU Carbondale, 2007
B.A., Anthropology, Texas A&M Univ., 2003

Background and Research Interests

Zack's research combines geochemical sourcing techniques and contemporary social theory to study the ways in which prehistoric communities in the Late Archaic Southeast were created and maintained through material practices such as crafting, exchange, and monument construction. His research interests include early pottery technology and provenance, long-distance interaction, community formation, and social memory. Zack received his Ph.D. in 2014 from the University of Florida, where his dissertation research employed neutron activation analysis (NAA) and petrography to investigate the composition, scale, and social strategies of the Late Archaic communities who gathered at Silver Glen, a large shell mound complex in Florida's St. Johns River Valley. Prior to his work in Florida, Zack's research centered on Late Prehistoric Toyah Phase hunter-gatherers in Texas.

Current Research Projects

Zack's postdoctoral research at UF investigated changing relationships between placed-based communities and dispersed regional networks of interaction via a reconstruction of the ceramic social geography of Stallings pottery, the oldest ceramic tradition in North America. This NSF funded project involved the collection of NAA and petrographic data on 450 pottery vessels from 13 Late Archaic Stallings period (ca. 5150-3800 cal B.P.) sites along the Savannah and Ogeechee Rivers. These pottery data were used to test alternative hypotheses on chemical and mineralogical variation in pottery as a function of variation in community scale and organization across time and space.

Zack is also developing and testing methods for directly radiocarbon dating the charred Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) fibers frequently preserved within the fabric of fiber-tempered pottery. This entails experimentation with fiber extraction techniques as well as the pairing of fiber assays with those obtained from soot and charcoal in order to test their accuracy and reliability. Initial results (published in the Journal of Archaeological Science) are promising and highlight the potential of this method for refining the chronologies associated with the Southeast's earliest pottery-making cultures.

Recent Publications

Technical Reports

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